Research Lines

ENERCAM-CM is a multidisciplinary research program integrating efforts from different research groups to develop grid-independent power generation systems based on fuel cell technology. To achieve these objectives the following research lines are proposed:

Development and improvement of electrode components for high temperature fuel cells (SOFC)

Development of electrodes with high electrocatalytic activity for intermediate temperature (550- 850ºC): novel anodic systems with high electronic and ionic conductivity and efficient to the direct use of hydrocarbon fuels as well as novel cathode materials with a K2NiF4-type structure that present mixed ionic electronic conductivity and satisfactory transport properties. The research groups G1-CMT-AT y G4-ICP-CFA, which have a large experience in each one of the following research fields: synthesis and characterisation of ceramic materials, catalysis and electrochemistry, will work together for the development of SOFC electrodes. For the development and electrochemical characterisation of the new materials the Program has the support of the technological centre CIDETEC and the company OLEA MADRID.

Development and improvement of electrode components for low temperature fuel cells (PEMFC)

Development of electrodes that minimize the platinum load by means the catalyst preparation highly disperses and the formation of nanoparticles with bi-metallic alloys. The improvement of electrocatalytic properties will allow achieving electrodes with a high level of tolerance to impurities. Collaboration between the research groups G2-CMT-BT and G3-ICP-PC together with the technological centre CIDETEC and the companies CARBONGEN and OLEA MADRID will be a key factor for this purpose.

Design and manufacture of fuel cell modules

Assembly of the optimum systems obtained in the previous tasks to shape PEMFC and SOFC modules. It will start with the development of a manufacture technology of components to scale-up followed by the design and manufacture of stack optimizing the water and heat management, to improve energetic efficiency. The development and assembling of the SOFC module, that will be the first SOFC module made in Spain, will require an special effort from groups G1-CMT-AT and G4-ICP-CFA, in collaboration with G2-CMT-BT. The first PEM fuel cell in Spain was carried out for CIEMAT-CSIC within the framework of an European project. Research groups G2-CMT-BT and G3-ICP-PC, supported by the companies OLEA MADRID y PROTECMA, will join research efforts to optimise the design of bipolar plates and electrodes with the aim of achieving the module assembling.

Fuel processor development

Development of a fuel processor and catalyst for the efficient conversion of fuels in hydrogen to feed the fuel cell modules. System will be integrated reforming and hydrogen purification processes based on the water gas shift reaction (WGS) and selective oxidation of CO (COPROX). The preparation of highly stable and selective catalysts for these processes is one of the main objectives of groups G3-ICP-PC and G4-ICP-CFA. Design, sizing, manufacturing and tuning of the different stages of the final fuel processor, whose test and validation is imperative before its integration with the fuel cell modules. The collaboration of the enterprise BIOGAS FUEL CELL is a support to take into consideration.

Development of the power generation systems

Integration of the fuel cell modules in different demonstration power generation systems that will use renewable resources (solar photovoltaic energy and/or wind energy, biofuels, etc). All research groups  G1-CMT-AT, G2-CMT-BT, G3-ICP-PC, G4-ICP-CFA, G5-CMT-PV and G6-UPM-EM, in collaboration with the asociated companies BIOGAS FUEL CELL, HYNERGREEN, PID ENG & TECH, PROTECMA, URBASER Y ZERTAN, will work together to achieve the integration of the fuel cell module and the other components of the power generation systems such as fuel reformer, electrolyser, photovoltaic panels, AC/DC converters, humidity control or heating and cooling systems as well as control and data acquisition system. The successful achievement of the module assembling and their integration for its test using diverse energetic resources will allow to evaluate the performance of the new power generation systems under real working conditions.